Common dental problems,Dental Tips, Dental Doubts, Do’s & Don’ts
Why do you have bad breath?
Bad breath, medically called halitosis, can result from poor oral hygeine, dry mouth and smoking and sometimes may be a sign of other health problems. Bacteria that build up on your teeth – particularly between them – as well as your tongue and gums, can produce unpleasant-smelling gases. These bacteria are also responsible for gum disease and tooth decay. Bad breath can also be made worse by the types of foods you eat and other unhealthy lifestyle habits. Persistent bad breath is a sign of gum diseases.
If you eat foods with strong odors (such as garlic or onions), brushing and flossing — even mouthwash – merely covers up the odor temporarily. The odor will not go away completely until the foods have passed through your body.
Many other diseases and illnesses may cause bad breath. Here are some to be aware of: respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia or bronchitis, chronic sinus infections, postnasal drip, diabetes, chronic acid reflux, and liver or kidney problems.
Bacteria can also live on the surface of your tongue. As well as brushing your teeth, cleaning your tongue can also help control bad breath.
You should have regular dental check-ups to ensure any oral hygiene problems are picked up and treated early.
What are the causes of tooth ache?
Pain in relation to tooth or gums arises from the deep cavity in the tooth, eruption of some teeth (Teething, Impaction of wisdom tooth), accumulation of food debris around gums, any mouth ulcers or cracked tooth.
For investigation purpose some may require Dental X rays. Do not use over the counter medication or clove oil to treat tooth ache. Even though it may provide some temporary relief in reality it will worsen the situation. If the etiology for the tooth ache is found at the very outset, tooth can be restored to normal function.
If your toothache is caused by tooth decay, will remove the decayed area and replace it with a filling.
If your toothache is caused by a loose or broken filling, the filling will be taken out, any decay will be removed, and a new restoration will be done.
If your toothache isn’t treated, the pulp inside your tooth will eventually become infected. This can usually lead to a swelling (dental abscess) with severe and continuous throbbing pain. If the pulp inside your tooth is infected, you may need root canal treatment. This procedure involves removing the infected pulp and then inserting a special type of filling to seal the tooth and prevent reinfection.
Your tooth may need to be removed if the toothache can’t be treated using these methods, or the tooth is wedged between another tooth and your jaw (impacted).
How do you stop sensitive teeth pain?
Tooth Sensitivity (Dentin hypersensitivity) occurs when the outer enamel layer that protects our teeth gets thinner, exposing the underlying surface -the dentin, or when gum recession occurs. Common causes – worn out of tooth structures, decay, altered gum margins, exposed root surfaces, vigorous brushing, hard clenching or grinding habit.
Initially sensitivity present for cold and sweet substances, later on even hot or normal water will produce sensitivity.
Without identifying the cause just using some sensitivity paste available in the market won’t give you a relief. We will identify the causes of your tooth sensitivity and depending on the amount of tooth wear, we suggest ultra-soft tooth brushes and recommend a specially formulated tooth paste (Potassium Nitrate, strontium Chloride, Amine fluoride, Novamin) .
If the cavity on the tooth causes that sensitivity it requires dental filling.
Sensitivity from weak gums and exposed root surface may be treated by gum augumentation /root coverage procedures.
Fluoride varnishes will be applied on your teeth to provide a protective coating.
What are the different methods of brushing?
There are 2 common techniques of brushing i.e. bass and fone’s methods of brushing. Bass technique are used by adults and fone’s is for the children.
Bass technique is for routine use; in this the brush is at 45 degree to the long axis of the teeth. The bristles are used to clean the area between the gums and the teeth as well as between two teeth. After this brushing is done with front and back strokes along with vibratory action. Posterior and anterior strokes are used for the eating surface.
Fone’s technique is very effective for children. In this the brush is placed at 90 degree on outer surface. The teeth are closed and rotary action of the brush helps to clean the teeth. This technique is easy to follow.
How frequently should we brush the teeth?
What is important is the quality of brushing rather than the number of times. But dentists recommend brushing twice a day, one time in the morning and second time at night before going to bed. Frequency of brushing depends on individual oral condition i.e. formation of plaque, gum diseases, caries risk etc.
How important is the tooth paste in brushing?
Tooth paste contains fluoride which helps to fight plaque, polish teeth, reduces decay and gives a fresh breadth. A good tooth paste fights acid attack ,when the acid is created by the bacteria present in the mouth.
Does incorrect brushing have negative effects?
Yes ,there can be a number of problems such as tooth staining, gum bleeding and infection, gums get receded which in turn makes the teeth look big and the root of the teeth is exposed, bad breathe ,wearing of teeth, teeth becomes sensitive etc.
When should a brush be changed?
Normally a brush needs replacement after every 3 months. Moreover brushes should be changed after cold or any mouth throat infection There are indicator brushes available in the market which have a color in the center, when this color fades the brush should be changed.
What causes tooth discoloration?
There are three main types of tooth discoloration:
Extrinsic discolouration — this occurs when the outer layer of the tooth (the enamel) is stained. Coffee, wine, cola or other drinks or foods can stain teeth. Smoking also causes extrinsic stains.
Intrinsic discolouration — this is when the inner structure of the tooth (the dentin) darkens or gets a yellow tint.
You can get this type of discoloration if:
- Too much exposure to fluoride during early childhood.
- Mother used tetracycline antibiotics during the second half of pregnancy.
- You used tetracycline antibiotics when you were 8 years old or younger.
- Trauma that affected a tooth.
- Some rare condition like Amelogenesis imperfecta or Dentinogenesis imperfecta. This causes gray, amber or purple discolorations.
Age-related discolouration — this is a combination of extrinsic and intrinsic factors. Dentin naturally yellows over time. The enamel that covers the teeth gets thinner with age, which allows the dentin to show through. Some tooth discoloration (Extrinsic stains) can be removed with professional cleaning (scaling). Intrinsic stains require some extensive procedures. Teeth sometimes can be whitened with a bleaching gel. In some cases, if the discoloration is severe, a crown or veneer may be required to cover it.